How was Esther halachically allowed to go into the king's inner chamber and risk her life to save other lives?

A1) From Jonathan Caller - some authorities learn that one may risk his own life to save someone elses. BUT most disagree, and it's not clear if this discussion would anyway apply to Esther's case where it was a large risk. [mekoros are Talmud Yerushalmi, Terumot 8:4, 47a, Hagahot Maimoniot, Hilchot Rotzei'ach 1:15 (Defus Kushta) S'ma, Choshen Mishpat 426:2, ]

A2) Esther did not risk her life; she never actually went into the inner chamber. She just walked into the courtyard into which the inner chamber opened out and the king saw her there and invited her in (Malbim 5;1-2)

A3) Esther was also in danger - she would have been killed along with the Jews, and so she could risk her life to save her own life and everyone elses

A4) Some rishonim learn that though one must give up their life rather than doing one of the 3 cardinal sins (murder, idolatery, sexual immorality), it is perfecctly permitted for someone to give up their life even not to transgress any other mitzvah. [quoted in kesef mishna hilchos yesodei hatorah 5;4.] According to these opinions, it should also be ok to risk one's own life to save others' lives.

A5) It was forbidden for Esther to do this under the normal rules of halacha. Just mordechai had a prophecy that Esther should do this, ('hora'as sha'ah') (R' Kook)

A6) Purim was all about showing how the natural world is nothing and HaShem controls everything. So specifically at this point, Esther could fast 3 days before going into the king and put everything into the hands of HaShem, and not worry about her physical safety according to the normal rules of nature. (based on Vilna Ga'on)

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