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Rashi Teaser - Behar

Vayikra 25:9 

9You shall proclaim [with] the shofar blasts, in the seventh month, on the tenth of the month; on the Day of Atonement, you shall sound the shofar throughout your land. ט. וְהַעֲבַרְתָּ שׁוֹפַר תְּרוּעָה בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשְּׁבִעִי בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ בְּיוֹם הַכִּפֻּרִים תַּעֲבִירוּ שׁוֹפָר בְּכָל אַרְצְכֶם:


ביום הכפורים: ממשמע שנאמר ביום הכפורים איני יודע שהוא בעשור לחדש, אם כן למה נאמר בעשור לחדש, אלא לומר לך תקיעת עשור לחדש דוחה שבת בכל ארצכם, ואין תקיעת ראש השנה דוחה שבת בכל ארצכם, אלא בבית דין בלבד


Q1: According to Rashi what does the superfluous phrase ‘on the tenth of the month’ come to teach?


Q2: Since ‘on the tenth of the month’ precedes ‘on Yom Kippur’ in the verse, surely it should be the latter that is superfluous rather than the former?


Q3: Since the prohibition of blowing the shofar on Shabbos throughout the land is of Rabbinic origin, lest one come to carry the shofar on Shabbos, why is Rashi seemingly trying to derive a source for this prohibition from the Torah? See Ramban.


Q4: Why does Rashi feel the need to make this comment regarding Rosh Hashona at all? What is bothering him about the possuk?



A1: That this Yom Kippur Yovel shofar blowing takes place everywhere even on Shabbos, in contrast to when Rosh Hashona falls on Shabbos, when the shofar is only blown in Beis Din, but not throughout the land.


A2: Korban Aharon: It is the sanctity of Yom Kippur that leads to the shofar being blown on that day; the fact that it occurs on the tenth of the month is secondary.


A3: The prohibition suggested by our verse is an ‘asmachta’ – an allusion to the law enacted by the Rabbis, rather than the source of Torah law.


A4: The phrase ‘in all your land’ at the end of the possuk seems a little out of the ordinary. Maybe Rashi deduces from here that the possuk is emphasizing that shofar on Yom Kippur in a Yovel year applies throughout the land, in contrast to another shofar blowing which does not – namely when Rosh Hashona falls on Shabbos. 

Good Shabbos,

Daniel Caller

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